Corn Plant, also known as Fragrans/Fragrant Dracaena or Cornstalk Dracaena, is the solid green variety of the Dracaena family. As a general rule, water Dracaena fragrans as often as the top 1” to 2” (2.5 – 5 cm) of soil dries out. Dracaena broomfieldii Sander ex Mast. Although many Dracaena cultivars are low-light houseplants, the variegated varieties need bright, indirect sunlight. 27: t. 1081 1808. The flowers grow on a long branching panicle that produces whitish-pink buds. Botanical Name: Dracaena fragrans ‘Lemon Lime’ Height: 4-6 feet. Species of Dracaena fragrans don’t mind being slightly rootbound. You may also notice that water doesn’t drain as quickly as it should in heavy soils. SEE NEXT: Dracaena Lemon Lime Care & Growing Guide. To repot any type of Dracaena fragrans, this is what you should do: Dracaena fragrans ‘Massangeana’ leaves are yellow or lime green in the middle and darker green on the sides. Dracaena Deremensis) Dracaena fragrans (also called corn plant dracaena or Dracaena deremensis) is a popular houseplant with broad, dark green leaves and bushy foliage. Variegated species of Dracaena fragrans thrive on an east-facing windowsill. Images of Dracaena fragrans ‘Limelight’ (left) and ‘Lemon Lime’ (right). If your corn plant looks like it’s dying, it crucial to find the root cause. If the leaves lose their green color and become pale yellow, overwatering is usually to blame. Govaerts, R. et al. Too much fertilizer can cause yellow leaves or brown leaf tips—signs that can be mistaken for watering issues. First, cut off the crown, leaving about 5” (12 cm) of the stem. - Swynnerton's Robin build their nests almost exclusively among the leaves of this species and the populations of this uncommon bird are closely linked to the forests where Dracaena fragrans is dominant, such as Chirinda Forest and the Vumba Mountains in Zimbabwe or Mt Gorongosa in … Dracaena Deremensis and Dracaena Fragrans (Corn Plant) are most often used for landscaping interiors. Growing at a slow pace, corn plants will last a long time as an ornamental indoor plant without getting too big. Half-fill a larger container with the appropriate potting mix. A slow-growing shrub usually sold as potted plants with lengths varying from 6 inches to 5 feet, Dracaena fragrans is simply one of the most popular and best interior plants. For more information, please read this article on how to get rid of pests from houseplants naturally. This cultivar thrives in bright light, and its glossy green foliage has a lime green or yellow stripe running the length of its center. Allow all the water to drain completely before putting the plant back in its favored location. (1), According to NASA research, many types of corn plants show the potential of filtering harmful chemicals from the air. How often should you water cornstalk plants? Here are the steps you need to flush the potting mix: Propagating Dracaena fragrans is done through stem cuttings. Two solutions can help improve soil drainage: Dracaena fragrans ‘Warneckei’ has variegated foliage with dark green and cream leaves. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Brown tips on the leaves mean you should increase air moisture levels. There are many diverse dracaena species, and each of them can allure with their exotic look. Although Dracaena plants seem to thrive on neglect, they have some care requirements to help them thrive. Other popular types of corn plants are the ‘Janet Craig,’ which is an excellent low-light indoor plant, Dracaena fragrans ‘Lemon Lime,’ and ‘Warneckii.’. Dracaena fragrans ‘Lemon Lime’ has variegated leaves with lime green on the sides and darker green in the center. Too much soil moisture often causes weak, limp leaves and a soft, mushy stem. The list of clean-air plants in NASA’s study included Dracaena massangeana, Dracaena marginata, and Dracaena deremensis ‘Janet Craig.’ The research found that these plants can help remove indoor pollutants such as toluene, formaldehyde, and xylene. Corn plants—similar to most houseplants—only need watering when the soil partially dries. Classification. The care requirements differ, although not too much, according to what kind of dracaena that is. You should only feed the plant during the spring and summer—the growing months. Wetland Status. It can grow up to 5-6 feet tall indoors. Brown tips on the pointed green Dracaena leaves are due to lack of water or lack of humidity. Not hardy 10. Bernal, R., S.R. superba Sander ex Mast. Dracaena Fragrans (syn. Corn plant grows at a moderately fast speed, but much less so when it is kept in a low light environment. 7. Mist the plants once a week or wipe the leaves with a damp cloth. There are more than 100 dracaena species. Gradstein & Celis, M. Dracaena massangeana grows slowly, so it can fit in a particular space for a long time without requiring much mai… (1). It is the most widely grown variegated cultivar of Dracaena fragrans (L.) Ker Gawler. … Potted corn plants need loose, well-draining potting soil with plenty of organic material to thrive. The lower leaves naturally turn yellow and drop off as the plant grows and matures. It’s crucial to get rid of houseplant pests as soon as possible. Please read on to find out more care tips for your spiky houseplant. One of the challenges when growing Dracaena plants indoors is keeping air humid in winter. Please read this article to find out how to remove mold from potting soil. Dracaena fragrans grow outdoors as long as the average temperature is above 60°F (15°C). Also, the genus Dracaena is presently There are many beautiful cultivars in the species Dracaena fragrans. With two-colored leaf marks 9. This is another beautiful variety of Deremensis; It features 1-2 feet long corn-like green leaves with white-yellow stripes and gray-green center. To repot a Dracaenas species, choose a container one or two sizes larger than its current one. In time, cornstalk plants become leggy as most of the foliage grows at the top of the stem, giving it a tree-like appearance. Poisonous for cats!The dragon trees (Dracaena Marginata) are the perfect beginner’s plant, because they will hold no grudge when at first the care is not sufficient. There are a few dracaena fragrans varieties that display different types of leaves such as the massangeana, lindenii and victoria. Cornstalk plants (Dracaena fragrans) flower occasionally indoors. Make sure and water your corn plant as often as needed—when the soil is partly dry. There are a few cultivars of this species of dracaena. Pull the thick stem to remove the plant’s root ball from the container. This dracaena variety grows well in indirect light and is also a pretty shade-tolerant plant. To care for the corn plant grow it in loose, moist potting soil that has good drainage. Species: Dracaena Marginata 4. is a few months older than Aletris fragrans L. and has priority. Dracaena broomfieldii var. You can create the perfect potting medium by mixing potting soil, peat moss, and perlite. Dracaena albanensis Sander ex Mast. If ingested, these can cause vomiting, excessive drooling in cats, dogs, and horses. Gently run water through the soil to drench it thoroughly. tall. The other popular cornstalk plants are the cultivars Dracaena fragrans ‘Lindenii’ and Dracaena reflexa ‘Variegata.’ These cultivars have bright yellowish stripes on the leaf edges. Thirdly, you can use the middle section of the stem to propagate a new corn plant. Most diseases that affect corn plants are the result of overwatering. Aloe fragrantissima Jacq. Also called cornstalk plant or the happy plant, Dracaena fragrans can be grown in a shaded corner, bright room, or office with only artificial light. The peat moss in loamy soil adds essential nutrients to the growing medium and also retains just enough moisture. 27: t. 1081 Links []. It is vital to prevent a buildup of fertilizer salts in the potting soil. Dracenaceae, Geoffrey Mwachala & Paul Mbugua, Flora of Tropical East Africa. Family: Asparagaceae. Also, water at room temperature is better than icy-cold tap water for hydrating tropical indoor potted plants. For Dracaena fragrans plants to thrive, aim for humidity levels between 40 and 50 percent. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/, Dracaena broomfieldii var. When it comes to the fragrans species, things can get a bit confusing. Some botanists consider Dracaena deremensis a … So, corn plants should thrive in average room humidity. Inspect the roots for signs of rotting or decaying and trim as needed. Dracaena broomfieldii var. Areca Palm Care: Complete Guide to Growing Areca Palm Tree Indoors, Asparagus Plumosa Fern: How to Care For Plumosa Fern (Asparagus Plumosus), Unique, Cool, and Unusual Houseplants You Need to Grow (With Pictures), The Best Hanging Flower Basket Ideas (With Pictures and Plant Care Guide), Dracaena Fragrans (Corn Plant): Care and Growing Guide, how to get rid of pests from houseplants naturally, Dieffenbachia Plant (Leopard Lily, Dumb Cane) Care, Aglaonema Care: How to Grow Chinese Evergreen. Dracaena fragrans (L.) Ker Gawl. Deremensis. You’ll also find that corn plants grow faster when placed in a sunny spot. To avoid doing irreparable damage to your plant, only water when the soil partially dries. Ker Gawler, J.B., 1808. Shake off excess dirt and run the roots under water to clean them. Transfer the corn plant to a larger container to prevent the plant from becoming root-bound. The early-morning sun isn’t strong enough to cause leaf burn. Flushing the soil is one way to avoid a buildup of minerals. You may need to transfer a corn plant to a larger container every two to three years. The record derives from WCSP which reports it as an accepted name (record 304662) with original publication details: Bot. Also, brightly-colored foliage on some species may fade. 2007. Changes in temperature can cause the plants to be stressed and affect their growth. We suggest you upgrade to a modern browser. It has thick woody canes and crowns of broad, arching leaves that are darker green towards at … If growing in direct sun for too long, the leaves will become discolored and wilt. The most crucial factors when it comes to caring for corn plants is to water them properly and get the lighting right. – fragrant dracaena Subordinate Taxa. Interpreting Wetland Status. Growth height: up to 200 cm 7. Note: [] Aloe fragrantissima Jacq. We’re sorry, but GBIF doesn’t work properly without JavaScript enabled. However, the plant’s growth will become stunted if roots fill the pot too much. A conservation of Aletris fragrans could be desirabe.. References []. However, the publication of Dracaena fragratissima in Gardens Chronicle might not be valid. Dracaena plants grow best in average humidity and a temperature range of 60°F to 75°F (15°C – 24°C). superba Sander ex Mast. Dracaena fragrans ‘Warneckei’ (left, center) and ‘Janet Craig’ (right) – Dracaena plants need well-draining potting soil with plenty of organic material. Corn plants grow fairly slowly from one or more thick canes (stems) that produce long, narrow leaves (like those of corn) toward the top. Genus: Dracaena 3. Take the corn plant container to the bath or outdoors. Dracaena Fragrans is a popular indoor plant. Dracaena fragrans grows outdoors in USDA zones 10 and 11. Dracaena fragrans is another popular species. The Dracaena fragrans—also named the corn plant—is a flowering plant species native to Africa. In a room facing south or west, keep the plant a few feet away from the window. Keep the soil warm and moist to help the propagated stem take root. The best place to grow a corn plant in is in a bright location in your home that has some shade. (eds.). This helpful watering tip allows chemicals in tap water to evaporate and causes less stress for your houseplants. It’s always a good idea to check how dry or moist the soil is before deciding to water. The appropriate potting soil should allow water to drain freely. Cordyline fragrans (L.) Planch. massangeana (Rodigas) É.Morren, Dracaena fragrans var. Dracaena fragrans 'Massangeana' (Makoy ex Ed.Morren, Belgique Horticole 31: 327, t.16 (1881)). Try to keep plants out of cold drafts and away from hot radiators. Perhaps the best known of the dracaena species, the corn plant (Dracaena fragrans) takes its common name from its arching leaves, which resemble those of corn grown in the vegetable patch. Add perlite or pumice to the potting soil to create a looser growing medium that lets water drain freely. Dracaena fragrans Taxonomy ID: 231032 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid231032) current name. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Dracaena (family Asparagaceae). It’s not necessary to prune corn plants to encourage growth or a bushy appearance. (2015). Annual plants are particularly rare. These issues can cause soggy stems, brown spots on leaves, and—eventually—death. Song of India Popular name: Dragon Tree 5. victoria (W.Bull) O.F.Cook. Dracaena butayei De Wild. Most people keep corn plants for their spiky foliage rather than their less than showy flowers. The Corn plant is a widely kept ornamental houseplant since the mid-1800s because it dwells in most indoor environments. Efloraofindia is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification etc. The addition of perlite helps to aerate the soil and improve drainage. A mature corn plant may flower indoors occasionally. If you live in temperate climates, you can take potted corn plants outside in summer. In the APG III classification system (Angiosperm Phylogeny Group III system) it belongs to the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Nolinoideae. Even though all species in the genus Dracaena are easy houseplants to care for, they can’t stand in soggy soil. Therefore, pay attention to humidity levels in winter. This plant has no children Legal Status. Because this plant is generally easy to care for, the most common reason for weak growth is overwatering or pest problems. Dracaena Janet Craig, belonging to the Dracaena Fragrans species, has a spectacular appearance and is easy to care for.An exotic plant with bright juicy greenery can be a decoration for both home and industrial or office interiors. Let the water flow through for two to three minutes. The Dracaena fragrans—also named the corn plant—is a flowering plant species native to Africa. Don’t feed in winter. Especially the Dracaena … It is also commonly known as the Corn Plant due to the appearance of the plant’s … Second, cut the remaining stem with the root system about one-half of its length. Bring back indoors when the temperature drops below 50°F (10°C). Another attractive corn plant is the Dracaena fragrans ‘Victoria.’ This short-stemmed plant has leaves similar to ‘Massangeana,’ only that they are shorter and more triangular-shaped. Then plant the stem in a fresh potting medium, ensuring that the plant is growing the same way up as before. Dracaena Fragrans (Dra-SEE-nuh FRAY-granz), the Latin name of the Corn plant—is a flowering plant species indigenous to the continent of Africa and other islands in the Indian Ocean. It has long, rugged leaves that have resemblance to corn foliage, hence, the common name Corn Plant. BTW, Draceana fragrans has a much more extensive synonymy than just Aletris fragrans L. See the reference below. The corn plant is a popular ornamental houseplant because it thrives in most indoor environments. Dracaena L. – dracaena Species: Dracaena fragrans (L.) Ker Gawl. Dracaena fragrans cultivars with various variegated leaves. It is inexpensive compared to other houseplants, and the least expensive of the dracaena varieties. The plant’s name has its origins in Greek: Dracaena – means female dragon and we’re sure that Khaleesi, the “Mother of Dragons” has a few of them in her home. Plant roots that sit in waterlogged or overly damp soil can develop fungal or bacterial diseases. Credit: Dracaena Warneckii from Bloomscape The Dracaena genus contains hundreds of species of plants, and Dracaena fragrans is only one. Put the plant in the pot and fill the remaining space with soil. Habit … And, because corn plants need less watering in the winter, they can suffer from a lack of moisture. New growth will appear at the cut section, eventually forming a new crown of spiky-looking foliage. The broad lanceolate leaves form an attractive crown of arching leaves at the top of a woody stem, which gives the corn plant the appearance of a small tree. The long, tapering leaves can measure 5 ft. (1.5 m) long and 5” (13 cm) wide. The ribbon plant is a small dracaena, four to five inches (10 to 13 cm.) Locally, it has the Mandarin name of Tie Shu, which literally translates to Metal Tree, referring to the resilient and fuss-free nature of the plant. Bot. If the soil is moist, and you still get brown tips, try increasing humidity by misting the plant every other day. Evergreen, shiny leaves 30 to 40 cm long 8. Plant family: Agavaceae 2. The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASCPA) says that cornstalk plants (Dracaena) contain toxic chemical compounds named saponins. However, many plant owners trim off flowering stems to help concentrate growth in the main plant. Aronsson, Mora (2005) Tillägg av nya svenska kärlväxter. These buds bloom in the evening and give off a strong fragrance. The leaves are lance shaped and have white margins. Although moderate natural lighting is ideal, it is tolerant of low light conditions. All species of Dracaena fragrans have a slow growth rate, even in ideal conditions. Dracaena species can be classified in two growth types: treelike dracaenas (Dracaena fragrans, Dracaena draco), which have aboveground stems with a single cluster of leaves at the end of each stem and rhizomatous dracaenas (Dracaena trifasciata, Dracaena angolensis), which have underground rhizomes and leaves on the surface (ranging from straplike and moderately thin to thick and cylindrical). Growing in organically-rich soil provides plenty of nutrients. The corn plant has the appearance of a small tree and it’s on the list of tall indoor plants. superba Sander. Our website has detected that you are using an outdated insecure browser that will prevent you from using the site. One of the most common mistakes to avoid if you want your Dracaena fragrans to thrive is to water on a schedule. Dracaena fragrans f. wacheana Wacha ex Siebert, Dracaena fragrans var. The corn plant is a popular ornamental houseplant because it thrives in most indoor environments. You can significantly speed up the growth of this plant by simply providing it with a healthy amount of natural sunlight throughout each day. The dracaena corn plant (botanical name: dracaena fragrans massangeana) is a well known indoor plant which is grown in many homes and offices within the US, UK and Europe. Growing in low light or bright light, the Dracaena fragrans produces glossy green foliage. A few species of Sisyrinchium (family Iridaceae) are true annuals, though, with fleshy or… Mass cane is characterized by its thick, woody canes and long strap-like leaves. The NCBI taxonomy database is not an authoritative source for nomenclature or classification - please consult the relevant scientific literature for the most reliable information. Heating tends to dry out the air in the home. The main factor affecting Dracaena’s growth is light—plenty of bright indirect light encourages the best growth. Keep the plants in a bright spot, but shaded from direct sunshine. Common Name: Corn Plant, Dragon Tree. The best way to save your plant is to hold off watering until the top 2” (5 cm) of soil dries completely. Growing in low light or bright light, the Dracaena fragrans produces glossy green foliage. Mag. Dracaena fragrans Ker Gawl. Growing indoors, corn plants reach up to 6 ft. high (1.8 m) and are suitable as a tall houseplant for your home. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. It is vital to keep the temperature as even as possible to avoid sudden fluctuations. Before watering, it’s best to let water sit in a jar for 24 hours. When mature, these slow-growing shrubs can grow to 50 ft. (15 m). Thoroughly water and place in a bright spot, protected from direct sunlight. Dracaena Care. ‘Janet Craig’ is common and has shiny, dark green leaves. Water when the top inch of soil is partly dry and feed every 3 weeks in the growing season. Lighting conditions can affect the plant’s growth rate. Pictures of Dracaena fragrans ‘Massangeana’. Dracaena fragrans Massangeana or the Happy Plant is an evergreen shrub that can grow to 15m in the wild but when grown in gardens seldom reaches 7m and indoors closer to 1.5m. The Dracaena cultivars with dark-green foliage thrive better in north-facing rooms or offices with artificial light. The best way to water corn plants is to soak the soil thoroughly and allow excess water to drain. If the corn plant starts to grow too tall, you can prune the stem back following the propagation method above. Although harmless, white plant mold can ruin the plant’s appearance. 2019. How can you tell if your potting soil is right for corn plants? The corn plant (Dracaena fragrans) is an oldie but goodie in the houseplant industry.Europeans have been using these tropical African evergreens as indoor plants since the mid-1800s, and they’ve been popular in the United States since the early 20th century. The way to propagate a Dracaena plant is to cut the woody stem into three pieces. Due to their modest growth rate, corn plants don’t need much fertilizer to thrive. This type of soil helps to prevent moisture problems that can lead to root rot. 1. Some ways to increase humidity for Dracaenas include: Flowers of Dracaena fragrans ‘Massangeana’. Allow the cut stem to dry for a few days. The most common type of corn plant is the Dracaena fragrans ‘Massangeana’ (also called mass cane plant). 8. Repeat the flushing two or three times during the growing season. Speed of Growth. Dracaena aureolus W.Bull ex Mast. To help revive a dying Dracaena fragrans, try repotting it in a fresh potting mix if excess moisture has caused fungal diseases. …of the predominantly African genera Dracaena (family Asparagaceae) and Asparagus may be regarded as vines, as they scramble through the forest or bush canopy, but neither has tendril-like adaptations for climbing. Origin: Madagascar 6. Dracaena fragrans (L.) Ker Gawl. But conditions indoors need to be ideal for the dainty white-yellow flowers to bloom. Watering when the soil is partly dry prevents moisture problems in the pot. Corn plants are easy to propagate. Dracaena fragrans plants contain poisonous substances that can harm pets such as cats and dogs. If you notice signs of plant bugs, wipe the leaves with insecticidal soap or treat them with a neem oil solution. 8. Botanical Name: Dracaena deremensis, Dracaena steudneri, Dracaena marginata, Dracaena fragrans (see below for available varieties) There are approximately 120 species of Dracaena trees and shrubs. You also ensure that the roots are kept consistently moist. Species ID: 1954: Flora Disclaimer: The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. Overwatering can also cause mold issues on plant soil. Mag. Dracaena. For example, when growing in complete shade, the naturally slow growth of the plant can almost come to a halt. Related Links. Some other popular houseplants in this genus include the snake plant (Dracaena trifasciata) and lucky bamboo (Dracaena sanderiana).. You can boost growth by using a balanced liquid fertilizer monthly. A potting medium that is too dense causes water to pool on the surface. You will have the crown section, the root section, and a middle part. Corn plants thrive in average room temperature between 60°F to 75°F (15°C – 24°C). Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, D.C. Disponible en http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co. Pests such as thrips, scale, and spider mites can infest corn plants. Dracaena fragrans massangeana or Dracaena massangeana is commonly referred to as mass cane or corn plant, and is widely used indoors. Plant the newly-cut stem in a pot with a fresh, sterile potting mix. Otherwise, the infestation can become so bad that your plant ends up dying. , with fleshy or… 1 from Bloomscape the Dracaena varieties through for two to years... Rather than their less than showy flowers Tillägg av nya svenska kärlväxter common and has.! East-Facing windowsill have a slow pace, corn plants grow best in average humidity and a temperature range of to! To a larger container with the root system about one-half of its length plants need loose, moist soil. 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Outdoors as long as the massangeana, lindenii and victoria Disponible en http //creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/... You will have the crown section, eventually forming a new crown of spiky-looking foliage cm. are many cultivars! Loamy soil adds essential nutrients to the bath or outdoors, Geoffrey Mwachala & Paul,! Will last a long branching panicle that produces whitish-pink buds on to out... Also called mass cane plant ) also known as Fragrans/Fragrant Dracaena or Cornstalk Dracaena, four to five (! Through stem cuttings t strong enough to cause leaf burn if roots fill the remaining space with.. Differ, although not too much soil moisture often causes weak, limp and! You should only feed the plant ’ s dying, it ’ s always a idea. Looser growing medium that lets water drain freely keep plants out of cold and... As Fragrans/Fragrant Dracaena or Cornstalk Dracaena, is the accepted name this name is the most widely grown cultivar... Browser that will prevent you from using the site of soil is partly prevents... Reason for weak growth is overwatering or pest problems ( 2005 ) Tillägg av nya svenska kärlväxter significantly up. Remaining stem with the appropriate potting soil you need to flush the potting soil is partly dry prevent moisture in! Yellow and drop off as the plant ’ s growth will become stunted if roots fill the remaining with. Or three times during the spring and summer—the growing months three years in USDA zones 10 and 11 plant. Because it thrives in most indoor environments tapering leaves can measure 5 ft. ( 1.5 m ) long 5. Three years dracaena fragrans classification website has detected that you are using an outdated insecure browser that will prevent you using! Direct sunshine flush the potting soil annuals, though, with fleshy or… 1 in summer run the are... Cats and dogs need bright, indirect sunlight: Propagating Dracaena fragrans ) flower occasionally dracaena fragrans classification Dracaena... Causes less stress for your houseplants some shade a soft, mushy...., the common name corn plant second, cut off the crown leaving... Main factor affecting Dracaena ’ s dying, it is the accepted name this name the... Nutrients to the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Nolinoideae example, when growing Dracaena plants indoors is keeping air in. Insecure browser that dracaena fragrans classification prevent you from using the site is better than icy-cold tap water for hydrating Tropical potted...